Sankhya: The Indian Journal of Statistics

1996, Volume 58, Series B, Pt. 2, pp. 302--322

FERTILITY DIFFERENTIALS ACCORDING TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND FAMILY PLANNING ADOPTION IN RURAL BANGLADESH

By

K. C. BHUYAN, Garyounis University

SUMMARY.  The fertility levels and the impacts of important demographic characteristics on these were investigated separately for couples of different socio-economic status and adoption behaviour. Depressing effects of levels of education and occupation of females were observed. Duration of marriage, desired number of children and child mortality had positive impacts on fertility. Upward socio-economic status was positively associated with family planning adoption and negatively associated with fertility, irrespective of duration of marriage. Significant differences in fertility levels of couples of different socio-economic status were observed even after eliminating the effects of other variables.
        Differential impact of demographic factors on fertility were observed among various groups of couples. Both socio-economic status and adoption behaviour were the determinants for these differential impacts. Increasing trend in the effects of child mortality on fertility were observed even among adopter couples of higher-socioeconomic status.

AMS (1980) subject classification.  60-02.

Key words and phrases. Socio-economic status, fertility, adjusted fertility, influential variables, differential impacts of variables on fertility, differential regression.

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